Swiss Disability And Development Consortium

SDDC

Swiss Disability and
Development Consortium

SDDC is a Swiss based network advocating for the rights and inclusion of persons with disabilities in Switzerland's international cooperation.

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Working Together to Reduce Risk for a Resilient Future

By Désirée Zaugg | 12 June 2023 | 0 Comments

Our takeaways from the High-Level Meeting of the Midterm Review of the Sendai Framework

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 was the first post-2015 framework to be adopted by the international community. It is now at its mid-term. To foster implementation of the Sendai Framework for the remaining seven years up to 2030, UNDRR convened a high-level meeting at the United Nations Headquarters in New York on 18th and 19th May 2023. CBM has been participating in the meeting as civil society representative of the Swiss NGO DRR Platform in the official Swiss delegation.

Swiss delegation to the High-Level Meeting of the Midterm Review of the Sendai Framework. On the picture are Ms Patricia Danzi, Director General Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation; Ms Lucia Desigis, First Secretary at the Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations; Sergio Pérez, Programm Officer SDC and Mirjam Gasser, Head Advocacy CBM Switzerland.
Swiss delegation to the High-Level Meeting of the Midterm Review of the Sendai Framework. On the picture are Ms Patricia Danzi, Director General Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation; Ms Lucia Desigis, First Secretary at the Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations; Sergio Pérez, Programm Officer SDC and Mirjam Gasser, Head Advocacy CBM Switzerland.

Persons with Disabilities and Sendai Framework: Where are we?

In preparation of the meeting, UNDRR published a report on the midterm review of the Sendai Framework and findings are alarming: Despite some progress, the Midterm Review shows that reporting countries are not on track to realize the Sendai Framework by 2030[1]. Even worse, while efforts towards disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction have been reported, the establishment and implementation of inclusive disaster risk reduction systems is still limited, and persons with disabilities are still among the groups that are most often excluded from early warning and post disaster recovery. Hence, they continue to be among those most impacted by disasters[2].

The report also highlights that least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing states countries are disproportionately affected by disasters and their consequences, facing enormous challenges in achieving the goals of the Sendai Framework. Persons with disabilities are estimated to make up about 16% of the world’s population or over 1.3 billion people[3] with 80% of persons with disabilities living in the Global South[4]. The situation is exacerbated for persons with diverse, intersecting identities experiencing intersectional discrimination resulting from the existing social inequalities and power relations. 

The Political Declaration and the way forward

On 18 May 2023 the General Assembly adopted by consensus a political declaration to strengthen implementation of the Sendai Framework. CBM Switzerland, member of CBM Global, along with representative organizations of persons with disabilities has been advocating for the inclusion of persons with disabilities within the declaration to make sure they are no longer left behind but meaningfully consulted and included in all disaster risk reduction efforts for the years to come:

The political declaration recognizes that there are huge gaps in terms of data, including data on persons with disabilities, representing barriers for inclusive and multisectoral disaster risk reduction policies and strategies. In fact, what isn’t counted, doesn’t count. The declaration calls for enhancing the collection and interpretation of data disaggregated by income, sex, age and disability. This is an important reiteration of the data commitment under the Sendai Framework and needs urgent implementation.

Further, the declaration calls on states for the full, equal, meaningful and inclusive participation of persons with disabilities in all processes and strategies related to disaster risk reduction. Persons with disabilities are the experts in all matters affecting them and only by actively consulting them, we can ensure that DRR measures are indeed inclusive. This has already been firmly established by the Sendai Framework in line the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

The declaration also calls for strengthened resource allocation to disaster risk reduction including for early and anticipatory approaches. This is key as prevention is more effective and economically efficient and can lead to reduced disaster loss and damages. Importantly, all public and private DRR investments need to be in line with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, applying the twin-track approach to the inclusion of persons with disabilities.

We highly welcome the Political declaration and call for its rapid and full implementation by the international community and all stakeholders.

We will continue to advocate for states to track their spending on disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction through application of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Disability and DRR markers.

Only by adopting a broader, more people-centered, including the most at-risk groups such as persons with disabilities, and a more preventive approach to disaster risk reduction, can the sustainable development goals be truly realized.


[1] UNGA, 2023. Main findings and recommendations of the midterm review of the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. Available at: https://sendaiframework-mtr.undrr.org/publication/main-findings-and-recommendations-midterm-review-implementation-sendai-framework (last accessed: 20 February 2023).

[2] IASC Guidelines on Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in Humanitarian Action (2019)

[3] WHO, 2023. Fact Sheet on Disability and Health.

[4] WHO, 2022. Global Report on Health Equity for Persons with Disabilities. Available at: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240063600 (last accessed: 17 March 2023)


Advocacy-Team in Laos und Nepal

By Désirée Zaugg | 12 June 2023 | 0 Comments

Im Frühling 2023 war das Advocacy-Team der CBM Schweiz in den Partnerländern Laos und Nepal zu Besuch. Wir kamen mit Partnern, Organisationen von Menschen mit Behinderungen (OPDs) und Disability Champions in den Austausch und führten spannende Gespräche über die Situationen von Menschen mit Behinderungen vor Ort. 

In Laos trafen wir unter anderem das Disability Service Center (DSC), die Association for the Deaf (AFD), die DEZA und diverse Disability Champions aus einem unserer Projekte. Disability Champions beraten staatliche Stellen, Gemeinden sowie zivilgesellschaftliche Organisationen über Inklusion. 

In Nepal hatten wir anschliessend die Gelegenheit, mit OPDs, Regierungsorganisationen und Partnern, wie z.B. UNICEF, dem World Food Programme (WFP) oder der nationalen Menschenrechtsinstitution Interviews zu führen.

Wir wollten vor Ort insbesondere erfahren, inwiefern die Advocacy-Arbeit langfristig dazu beiträgt, die Inklusion von Menschen mit Behinderungen voranzutreiben. Ziel war es deshalb, herauszufinden, welche politischen Veränderungen in den letzten Jahren dank der CBM-Projekte stattgefunden haben.

Es zeigte sich, dass sowohl in Laos wie auch in Nepal Advocacy-Arbeit einen wichtigen Eckpfeiler darstellt, dem grosse Relevanz beigemessen wird. So setzt sich die Association for the Deaf in Laos beispielsweise auf politischer Ebene dafür ein, dass die nationale Gebärdensprache offiziell anerkannt wird. In Nepal entwickelte ein Partner von CBM eine Strategie zu Augengesundheit und setzte sich erfolgreich dafür ein, dass diese vom Gesundheitsministerium genehmigt wird. Nun ist es in der Verantwortung der Regierung, die verankerte Strategie umzusetzen. 

Der Austausch war enorm bereichernd und wir konnten auf unserer Reise viel Neues erfahren und lernen. Fest steht, dass trotz ersichtlicher Fortschritte noch immer viel zu tun bleibt, damit auch in diesen beiden Ländern Menschen mit Behinderungen ihre Rechte vollumfänglich wahrnehmen können. 

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Key Messages

How can Switzerland ensure the rights of persons with disabilities in the Global South?

1

No guidelines, no priority. Switzerland needs guidelines to inform its work on the inclusion of persons with disabilities in its international cooperation. Current efforts on disability inclusion are small scale, ad-hoc and mostly segregating.

2

Nothing about us, without us! Switzerland must ensure the full and active participation of persons with disabilities throughout all processes affecting them, including in its international cooperation. Arrangements must be made to enable their participation.

3

What isn’t counted, doesn’t count. Switzerland has committed itself to be a leader on data collection, but it is not systematically collecting and disaggregating data on disability in its international programmes.

4

Leave no one behind in humanitarian crises. Persons with disabilities are disproportionately affected in humanitarian crises. Switzerland committed itself to making its humanitarian action inclusive of persons with disabilities, but it is not clear how it is living up to its commitment.

5

What isn’t budgeted for, doesn’t get done. Switzerland must sufficiently budget for the inclusion of persons with disabilities in its international cooperation and must commit itself not to finance programs and services that segregate persons with disabilities from the community.

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